Rozšíření: Balkánský poloostrov až Rakousko a Maďarsko,j.Rusko,Turecko až Kavkaz. 1. [4] It grows to a length of about 5 mm (0.20 in) and is actually soft and flexible. ; Burton, J.A. Vipera ammodytes este o specie de șerpi din genul Vipera, familia Viperidae, descrisă de Linnaeus 1758. Southern Austria, north-eastern Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Greece (including Cyclades), Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Georgia and Syria. A more or less distinct blotch on the lower lip, involving five to seven labial shields without complete interruption. Biology and Impacts of Pacific Island Invasive Species. Dictionary of molecular biology. Vipera ammodytes montandoni is a venomous viper subspecies[3] found in Bulgaria and southern Romania. [4], According to Boulenger (1913): "Naso-rostral shield never reaching the canthus rostralis nor the summit of the rostral shield, which is deeper than broad (once and one seventh to once and a half); rostral appendage clad with ten to fourteen scales, in three (rarely two or four) transverse series between the rostral shield and the apex. Obraz złożonej z ammodytes, vipera - 130532093 The ground color for males varies and includes many different shades of gray, sometimes yellowish or pinkish gray, or yellowish brown. The dorsal zigzag is a shade of brown. Grows to a maximum length of 95 cm, although individuals usually measure less than 85 cm. [11] V. ammodytes primarily inhabits dry, rocky hillsides with sparse vegetation. Minton (1974) states 6.6 mg/kg SC. Mnemonic i-Taxon identifier i: 235554: Scientific name i: Vipera ammodytes montandoni: Taxonomy navigation › Vipera ammodytes. Ang Vipera ammodytes sakop sa kahenera nga Vipera, ug kabanay nga Viperidae. Feeding behavior changes and is influenced heavily by prey size. [7] This species is ovoviviparous. It is reputed to be the most dangerous of the European vipers due to its large size, long fangs and high venom toxicity. (1973) give ranges of 0.44–0.82 mg/kg and IV and 0.19–0.64 mg/kg IP. This is likely the most dangerous snake to be found in Europe. Studies of snake venom on blood coagulation. Melanism does occur, but is rare. 2007. [7] Arthropods such as large insects and centipedes have regularly been found in the stomach contents of vipers, albeit more frequently in juveniles that eat centipedes like Mediterranean banded centipede[12]. Vipera ammodytes montandoni (BOULENGER 1904) Vipera ammodytes ruffoi BRUNO 1968 Někteří herpetologové synonymizují poddruh V.a.gregorwallneri s nominotypickým poddruhem V.a.ammodytes. Ventral shields 149 to 158; subcaudals 30 to 38. [8][13], This species was originally described by Carl Linnaeus in Systema Naturae in 1758. 272 pp. Description. Kaliwatan sa bitin ang Vipera ammodytes.Una ning gihulagway ni Linnaeus ni adtong 1758. Vipera ammodytes at the New Reptile Database . To use all the functions on Chemie.DE please activate JavaScript. In: Tu, A., editor. London: Collins. Pentru informaţii detaliate despre celelalte programe cofinanţate de Uniunea Europeană, vă invităm să vizitaţi www.fonduri-ue.ro Conţinutul acestui material nu reprezintă în mod obligatoriu poziţia oficială a Uniunii Europene sau a Guvernului României www.fonduri-ue.ro Conţinutul acestui material nu reprezintă în mod obligatoriu Vipera ammodytes montandoni Boulenger, 1904 Animalia Chordata Reptilia Lepidosauromorpha Squamata Serpentes Colubroidea Viperidae Vipera ammodytes montandoni Identified by Catalog For close examinations, it is therefore advisable to use a clear plastic restraining tube instead.[7]. [4] It tolerates captivity much better than other European vipers, thriving in most surroundings and usually taking food easily from the start. Read what you need to know about our industry portal bionity.com. However, there are many alternative taxonomies. Hays, W.S.T. [4] The specific name, ammodytes, is derived from the Greek words ammos, meaning "sand", and dutes, meaning "burrower" or "diver", despite its preference for rocky habitats. Vipera aspis balcanica - Buresch & Zonkov, 1934 Vipera ( Rhinaspis ) ammodytes montandoni - 1983 Vipera ammodytes montandoni - Weinsten, Minton & Wilde, 1985 [1] With an accout for my.bionity.com you can always see everything at a glance – and you can configure your own website and individual newsletter. Druh Vipera ammodytes (Linnaeus, 1758) Vipera ammodytes montandoni Autor: Petr Balej • 21.12.2003 • Kategorie: zmijovití • Taxonomie: Vipera ammodytes [10], The common name sand viper is misleading, as this species does not occur in mostly sandy areas. Format. [4], Humans respond rapidly to this venom, as do mice and birds. The Transcaucasian Nose-horned Viper (Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana (Vat)) shows a distribution in the Northeast of Turkey and sections of Georgia along the Black Sea coast and some inland provinces in Turkey (see Figure1, red) [37,40]. It consists of 9–17 scales arranged in 2 (rarely 2 or 4) transverse rows. Giklaseklase sa IUCN ang kaliwatan sa kinaminosang kalabotan. Underneath, the tip of the tail may be yellow, orange, orange-red, red, or green. Females are usually larger and more heavily built, although the largest specimens on record are males. They usually lack the dark blotch or V marking on the back of the head that the males have. Vipera ammodytes montandoni venom samples were collected from one individual in the Tekirdağ province and one in the Kırklareli province (Turkish Thrace) in April 2016. At higher altitudes, it is more active during the day. [4], The most distinctive characteristic is a single "horn" on the snout, just above the rostral scale. An Vipera ammodytes in nahilalakip ha genus nga Vipera, ngan familia nga Viperidae. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Vipera ammodytes montandoni - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Vipera ammodytes montandoni is a venomous viper subspecies found in Bulgaria and southern Romania. The head is covered in small, irregular scales that are either smooth o… Vipera ammodytes montandoni Boulenger, 1904 Taxonomic Serial No. Photo about Detail of an female of Mediteranean horned viper. [4] Brown (1973) gives an LD50 for mice of 1.2 mg/kg IV, 1.5 mg/kg IP and 2.0 mg/kg SC. The anal scale is single. A female Vipera ammodytes montandoni, from a karst region in central-north Bulgaria. εικόνα από vipera, ammodytes, montandoni - 26304274 Image of violent, scale, species - 26304275 Vipera ammodytes (Linnaeus, 1758) – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Vipera ammodytes (other common names include horned viper, long-nosed viper, nose-horned viper, sand viper)[3] is a viper species found in southern Europe, mainly the Balkans, and parts of the Middle East. Vipera ammodytes montandoni Boulenger, 1904 Animalia Chordata Reptilia Lepidosauromorpha Squamata Serpentes Colubroidea Viperidae Vipera ammodytes montandoni Identified by Catalog ; Conant, Sheila. φωτογραφία σχετικά με Ammodytes Vipera montandoni, ενήλικο θηλυκό. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe. [4] Mating takes place in the spring (April–May), and one to twenty live young are born in late summer or fall (August–October). It is reputed to be the most dangerous of the European vipers due to its large size, long fangs (up to 13 mm) and high venom toxicity. [4], Both sexes have a zigzag dorsal stripe set against a lighter background. [4], Vipera ammodytes hibernates in the winter for a period of 2 to 6 months depending on environmental conditions.[7]. [4], Vipera ammodytes venom is used in the production of antivenin for the bite of other European vipers and the snake is farmed for this purpose. ), Nazwa niemiecka:Europäische Hornotter, Europäische Sandotter (niem.) 1991. Juvenile color patterns are about the same as the adults. [3], The body is covered with strongly keeled dorsal scales in 21 or 23 rows (rarely 25) at mid-body. [4], Despite its reputation, this species is generally lethargic, not at all aggressive, and tends not to bite without considerable provocation. However, many consider both V. a. ruffoi and V. a. gregorwalineri to be synonymous with V. a. ammodytes,[7] and consider V. a. transcaucasiana to be a separate species.[4][7]. Part I: The thromboserpentin (thrombin-like) enzyme in the venoms. The tongue is usually black, and the iris has a golden or coppery color. [13] However, as far as handling is concerned, despite its relatively placid reputation, pinning and necking this snake can be risky, as they are relatively strong and can unexpectedly jerk free from a keeper's grasp. The type locality is listed as "Oriente". Hibernation and breeding of. Meier, J.; Stocker, K.F. [4], Horned viper, long-nosed viper, nose-horned viper, sand viper,[3] sand adder, common sand adder, common sand viper,[8] sand natter.[9]. Find out more about the company LUMITOS and our team. An Vipera ammodytes in uska species han Viperidae nga ginhulagway ni Linnaeus hadton 1758. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T62255A12584303.en, Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, Appendix II, "Observations on the diet of the nose-horned viper (Vipera ammodytes) in Greece", Amphibians & Reptiles in Bulgaria and Balkan Peninsula, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vipera_ammodytes&oldid=992683596, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2014, Articles needing more detailed references, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The scales bordering the ventrals are smooth or weakly keeled. The morphological characteristics and distribution of Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana, which is a member of the Vipera kaznakovi group, were studied. [13], This species has often been kept in captivity and bred successfully. It is reputed to be the most dangerous of the European vipers due to its large size, long fangs (up to 13 mm) and high venom toxicity. The chin is lighter in color than the belly. [1] Not usually associated with woodlands, but if so it will be found there around the edges and in clearings. Lower surface of end of tail yellow."[5]. Żmija nosoroga (Vipera ammodytes) – gatunek jadowitego węża z rodziny żmijowatych. If surprised, wild specimens may react in a number of different ways. Before mating, the males of this species will engage in a combat dance, similar to adders. There are also reports of dizziness and tingling. "Snake venom protein C activators". [4], This species has no particular preference for its daily activity period. [5] Five subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here. Aleksandar Simović has uploaded 735 photos to Flickr. Find out how LUMITOS supports you with online marketing. Explore Aleksandar Simović's photos on Flickr. The venom can be quite toxic [based on tests conducted solely on mice], but varies over time and among different populations. Observations on the diet of the nose-horned viper (, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 15:38. A Worldwide Review of Effects of the Small Indian Mongoose, Herpestes javanicus (Carnivora: Herpestidae). Maximum length also depends on race, with northern forms distinctly larger than southern ones.According to Strugariu (2006), the average length is 50-70 cm with reports of specimens over 1 m in length. Females are somewhat smaller than males. Ground color is variable and tends more towards browns and bronzes, such as grayish brown, reddish brown, copper, "dirty cream", or brick red. Sometimes the ventral color is black or bluish gray with white flecks and inclusions edged in white. [7] Females are usually[vague] larger and more heavily[specify] built, although the largest specimens on record are males. 1988. Pobierz zdjęcie stockowe Zbliżenie z nosa rogata żmija w środowisku naturalnym (Vipera ammodytes montandoni ) royalty-free 228276272 z kolekcji Depositphotos – zdjęcia stockowe premium w wysokiej rozdzielczości, obrazy wektorowe i ilustracje. Image of snake, aggressive, camouflage - 25823130 In males, the head has irregular dark brown, dark gray, or black markings. Your browser does not support JavaScript. Vipera species Vipera ammodytes Name Synonyms Coluber ammodytes Linnaeus, 1758 Vipera ammodytes Venchi & Sindaco, 2006 Vipera aspis balcanica Buresch & Zonkov, 1934 Homonyms Vipera ammodytes (Linnaeus, 1758) Vipera ammodytes Venchi & Sindaco, 2006 At birth, juveniles are 14–24 cm (5.5–9.4 in) in total length. Western sand viper. [6], V. ammodytes grows to a maximum total length (body + tail) of 95 cm (37.5 in), although individuals usually measure less than 85 cm (33.5 in). [14] In some areas it is at least a significant medical risk. Dorsal scales in twenty-one rows. Larger prey are struck, released, tracked, and swallowed, while smaller prey is swallowed without using the venom apparatus. A male Vipera ammodytes montandoni, from the south-western Thracian plain. [4] The average total length is 50–70 cm (19.5–27.5 in) with reports of specimens over 1 m (39 in) in total length. Bites promote symptoms typical of viperid envenomation, such as pain, swelling and discoloration, all of which may be immediate. [4] There are also reports of cannibalism. [4], The venom has both proteolytic and neurotoxic components and contains hemotoxins with blood coagulant properties, similar to and as powerful as in crotaline venom. Gulden, J. Jej rozmieszczenie obejmuje cieplejsze rejony Europy (południowa Austria , północne Włochy , Półwysep Bałkański , Cyklady , Azja Mniejsza do Kaukazu Północnego ). [5] [6] A fost clasificată de IUCN ca specie cu risc scăzut. Other properties include anticoagulant effects, hemoconcentration and hemorrhage. At lower altitudes, it may be found at any time of the day, becoming increasingly nocturnal as daytime temperatures rise. The belly color varies and can be grayish, yellowish brown, or pinkish, "heavily clouded" with dark spots. Ginklasipika han IUCN an species komo diri gud kababarak-an. [15] Novak et al. May be found above 2000 m at lower latitudes. Nazwa łacińska: Vipera ammodytes Nazwa polska: Żmija nosoroga Nazwa angielska: Long-nosed viper,nose-horned viper (ang. The Transdanubian Sand Viper (Vipera ammodytes montandoni (Vam)) is spread from Turkish Thrace, Vipera ammodytes (other common names include horned viper, long-nosed viper, nose-horned viper, sand viper) is a viper species found in southern Europe, mainly the Balkans, and parts of the Middle East. Sometimes found in areas of human habitation, such as railway embankments, farmland, and especially vineyards if rubble piles and stone walls are present. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE. Vipera aspis balcanica - Buresch & Zonkov, 1934 Vipera ( Rhinaspis ) ammodytes montandoni - 1983 Vipera ammodytes montandoni - Weinsten, Minton & Wilde, 1985 [1] Males have a characteristic dark blotch or V marking on the back of the head that often connects to the dorsal zigzag pattern. Maximum length also depends on locality,[vague] with northern forms distinctly larger than southern ones. [4], Females have a similar color pattern, except that it is less distinct and contrasting. Arnold, E.N. © 1997-2021 LUMITOS AG, All rights reserved, https://www.bionity.com/en/encyclopedia/Vipera_ammodytes_montandoni.html, Your browser is not current. ''Vipera ammodytes'' is a venomous viper species found in southern Europe through to the Balkans and parts of the Middle East. 2004.. VIP; viral antigens Taxonomy - Vipera ammodytes montandoni (SUBSPECIES) ))) Map to UniProtKB (15) Unreviewed (15) TrEMBL. Photo about A wild, female of Vipera ammodytes montandoni found in it s terra typica. See ammodytoxins.. Lizards are less affected, while amphibians may even survive a bite. Action of, Plettenberg Laing, A. Petkovic, D.; Javanovic, T.; Micevic, D.; Unkovic-Cvetkovic, N.; Cvetkovic, M. 1979. [4], The color pattern is different for males and females. Females have 135–164 and 24–38 respectively. B. 10–13 small scales border the eye, and two rows separate the eye from the supralabials. Vipera ammodytes montandoni : Geographic Information Geographic Division: Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China) Jurisdiction/Origin: Comments Comment: Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Males have 133–161 ventral scales and 27–46 paired subcaudals. Adults generally feed on small mammals and birds, whilst juveniles predominantly eat lizards. Crude venoms were extracted, using a paraffin-covered laboratory beaker without exerting pressure on the venom glands, pooled for each subspecies and lyophilized. [7], The head is covered in small, irregular scales that are either smooth or only weakly keeled, except for a pair of large supraocular scales that extend beyond the posterior margin of the eye. Vipera ammodytes montadoni este catalogata drept „adevarata vipera cu corn” si totodata cel mai periculos reprezentant al genului de pe teritoriul tarii noastre deoarece are un timp de reactie mult mai scurt si o agresivitate mai mare in comparatie cu celelalte tipuri. Subsequently, George Albert Boulenger described a number of subspecies in the early 20th century that are still mostly recognized today. Some remain motionless and hiss loudly, some hiss and then flee, while still others will attempt to bite immediately. To use all functions of this page, please activate cookies in your browser. [2], This species is listed as strictly protected (Appendix II) under the Berne Convention. Accessed on 22 Jule 2009. The specific name, ammodytes, is derived from the Greek words ammos, meaning "sand", and dutes, meaning "burrower" or "diver", despite its preference for rocky habitats. The Nose-horned Viper (Vipera ammodytes) is one of the most widespread and venomous snakes in Europe, which causes high frequent snakebite accidents.The first comprehensive venom characterization of the regional endemic Transcaucasian Nose-horned Viper (Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana) and the Transdanubian Sand Viper (Vipera ammodytes montandoni) is reported employing a … In southern subspecies, the horn sits vertically upright, while in V. a. Ammodytes it points diagonally forward. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Terminal (leaf) node. 1978. The rostral scale is wider than it is long. [4] One additional subspecies that may be encountered in literature is V. a. ruffoi (Bruno, 1968),[4] found in the Alpine region of Italy. A row of indistinct, dark (occasionally yellowish) spots runs along each side, sometimes joined in a wavy band. Occasionally, other snakes are eaten. 1973. 2020. Five The dorsal zigzag is dark gray or black, the edge of which is sometimes darker. This pattern is often fragmented. Zdjęcie o W górę żmii Vipera żeńskich uzbrajać w rogi ammodytes. Schwarz (1936) proposed that the type locality be restricted to "Zara" (Zadar, Croatia). The nasal scale is large, single (rarely divided), and separated from the rostral by a single nasorostral scale. European snakes, such as Coronella and Natrix, are possibly immune. A thick, black stripe runs from behind the eye to behind the angle of the jaw. Wikipedia article "Vipera_ammodytes_montandoni". Copley, A.; Banerjee, S.; Devi, A.