•in the past, but we're not saying exactly when: Don't tell me he's bought another new car! These two tenses occupy a very similar place in time. (READ) 2. The Present Perfect tells us about the past and the present. The major difference between them is that the Present Perfect Tense doesn't mention exact times of actions. For past events with a connection to the present. For Example: Past Perfect Tense We had played football. You look tired. Present Perfect 1. Perfect Tenses are formed using the helping verbs has, have, will, and shall. Last year is in the past. www.english-area.com The best free resources to learn and teach English Past Simple vs. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present perfect exercises. It is very easy to confuse them. Use of the Present Perfect 1.1. result of actions in the past is important in the present – It is not important when the actions happened. Present Perfect Tense We have live d in Canada since 1986. We form the present perfect with have/has and the past participle of the verb. Present perfect simple vs present perfect continuous (see also Inside Grammar pages 139-142) Present perfect simple • It tells us about the result of an action. Ex: I started reading at 3 o’clock. The Present perfect Tense: Regular and Irregular Verbs 1. Present Perfect Tense - Negative A. I have clean ed my room. 1.2. recently completed actions. It’s also used when we talk about quantities. 1. Choose the correct verb from the list below to complete the following sentences. PRESENT PERFECT We can say that something hasn’t happened for a long time or since a specific time in the past. Then he started to work for a large international company. Present Perfect Progressive (Ex. John finished his business degree. Present Perfect Simple Vs. Ex. The present perfect is a verb tense which is used to show that an action has taken place once or many times before now. You _____ too hard lately. We haven’t had a party for ages. The Simple Past mentions or implies an exact time of an action. I _____ the book you gave me, so you can have it back now. (PROBABLY WORK) 3. The Past Simple tells us about the past, a time which is finished. 2) Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the verb, present perfect simple or present per-fect progressive. He has just play ed handball. Mathew is waiting on … The present perfect tense is quite complicated to explain. These three verb tenses are Past Perfect Tense, Present Perfect Tense, and Future Perfect Tense. B1 Present Perfect Tense: Simple and Progressive T008 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the present perfect tense. The boy had tripped on the step. •in the past with an effect or result in the present: I'm afraid I've forgotten my key. These verb tenses also use the past participle of the verb. 1.3. states beginning in the past and still continuing. The best way to understand it is to look at some examples. It is used when an action that happened in the past continues to have a strong connection in the present. I’ve painted 3 rooms so far. United have won the Cup, so it’s theirs now. Put the verb in the negative form of the present prefect tense. Complete the sentences with the verb in brackets in past simple or present perfect. The Present Perfect and the Simple Past Tenses. Present Perfect We use Present Perfect to talk about things that took place: •during a period that includes past and present: They've been waiting here for an hour. The present perfect is most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. fix / begin / arrive / be / see / stop / speak / buy / read / visit 1. Yesterday I started painting my house. 1. This is the same form as the simple past tense: play, played finish, finished 3. © British Broadcasting Corporation 2007 Grammar Challenge Present Perfect Continuous Practice activities We form the past participle of regular verbs by adding –ed to the verb. I have read 20 pages so far. 2.