I have … that 9. Fill in the blanks with Present Perfect or Past Perfect Tenses. present continuous I'm learning German. 2. Students reply to Present Simple questions with a mix of true and untrue answers, perhaps in a proportion decided by the teacher such as three true answers and two false ones. 6 different tasks. Present perfect simple or Past simple 4. Have Has Is a) Have b) Has c) … V�ƣ�����N5 �*a3�|�튗c$A�L� m_4� Present Perfect questions are questions that can help you generate conversation among ESL students. It seems like an awesome sport, No, I haven’t but I hope I can run a marathon in the near future, Yes, I have. Are you married? per descrivere abitudini e routine. Review: Present Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense All Tenses Similar Exercises: Present Perfect / Perfect Progressive All Tenses Exercises. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE Complete these sixteen sentences to score your knowledge of PRESENT PERFECT grammar. = present — present perfect Monday Compare: present simple Mark and Liz are married. Choose for or since to complete the following present perfect sentences. John ______ in Paris for 4 years before he could speak French fluently. 4 0 obj I love pop music. Have you ever been late to an important class or presentation? look for: are looking for: 5: Ian _____ to disco right now. 1. I have a car. Cancel: Text box style: Font: Size: … 3 At last we’ve finished / been finishing the exams! The present perfect is most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. Kong many times. 58- Present Perfect Simple. Exercises on Present Perfect Progressive. This tense is formed by have/has + the past participle. The train arrives at 12:30. _____ you finished your homework? Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. It tests what you learned on the Present Perfect page. Complete the sentences with the past OR the present perfect (simple or continuous). Past Simple 6. I've lived here for four years. In questa pagina trovate 167 ESERCIZI on line interattivi sui verbi present perfect inglesi ordinati in 8 grandi gruppi numerati. Past perfect continuous 9. x��Q�j�@��g�N��X*X�t!2��i�.����)J7����] 'CB���j��\1.`���1fiJ��ƅ ������a[��#���}�5.G�y9�=���:�ł%�)�t���������l@�E ��E����u�����.���9i�Y�k�Ya��9dƲE��:܉� 80 000+ English ESL worksheets, English ESL activities and video lessons for distance learning, home learning and printables for physical classrooms Tag questions 15. 1 0 obj endstream Have you ever watched Tomorrowland concerts on Youtube? I (to like) lemonade very much. ID: 104925 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: pre-intermediate If you want to learn irregular verbs, you need to practice, practice, practice. ;�i��颏�U����L^�WR�� ��q0��UL3U����b-K�y8LX�\wM2�J��)�dTdPTZ&[k�6�H��T2����K^E4Ywx����?��$ ����L ��r�� 3. <> Exercise on Simple Present - Present Progressive :: Learn English online - free exercises, explanations, games, teaching materials and plenty of information on English language. (6 lezioni per $10 al mese!) The English lesson starts at 8:45. 2 0 obj Coniugazione del verbo inglese go: past tense, present, past perfect, future. Present Perfect - reading comprehension Students will read the text paying attention to Present Perfect verbs and then choose the correct answers to check their comprehension. Scegli l’alternativa corretta. Main content: Present simple and present continuous Other contents: tenses, present tenses Add to my workbooks (191) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp: Link to this worksheet: Copy: marjemee Finish!! x��-���{C�`��%�6680�����PÁ���%�����$����SGG�e[q��U%�yzjҤI�&M�4iҤI�&M�4iҤI�&�_.o?>� M�4���=Z��}�OڤI��.�n�T]��/�ÏA?���a��-=�IY)��*��~���h�G�]pפ��_����+Ÿ��mA��J��tϓ����ͷ��ז�q5�l���ߠ7]�D���t쏸8���7�@Q�S� Present Simple Q&A bluff. Verbi irregolari e modelli dei verbi inglesi. 2 We've known each other. endstream I ______ English for 5 years now. Teams then race to put the words in the first sentence on their worksheet in the correct order, adding in any necessary punctuation and correcting any grammar mistakes. We use the present simple to express habits, facts, thoughts and feelings.It is also used with general statements and actions that are repeated. The term is used particularly in the context of English grammar to refer to forms like "I have finished". When I went to the car park, I found that my car ______ . Have you ever failed a subject in university? EnglishPost.org tiene información para aprender y Enseñar Inglés. (or is going to snow); On Friday at 8 o’clock I am meeting my friend. Present Perfect questions are a good way to have interesting conversations in the ESL classroom about a wide variety of topics. 2. This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 34 pages. We often use the present perfect to talk about something that happened in the recent past, but that is still true or important now. Verbi irregolari e modelli dei verbi inglesi. Yes, I have. The Present Perfect is Used to Express: actions of duration that occurred in the past (before now) of unspecified time; actions that started in the past but continue to the present; actions that started in the past but stopped recently; It is important to consider that the TIME of … She has lived in Liverpool all her life. present perfect or simple past (6)new-05-06. What do you want to do? 1. I would like to answer all exercises 15 exercises 20 exercises 25 exercises selected from 1 part 2 parts 3 parts 4 parts 5 parts 6 parts . David is watching TV. 3 I haven't eaten anything. Have you ever had problem with math classes? per esprimere preferenze generali e opinioni. The Present Perfect and the Simple Past Tenses. 10. PRESENT SIMPLE •PRESENT SIMPLE: “USE”-Read. The present perfect tense refers to an action or state that either occurred at an indefinite time in the past (e.g., we have talked before) or began in the past and continued to the present time (e.g., he has grown impatient over the last hour). It will snow in Brighton tomorrow evening. What is the Present Perfect Tense? No, I haven’t. She has eaten lunch. Past continuous 7. Present Perfect Quiz. 58.4 : 58.4 Write a question in the present perfect tense using the given words: The present perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences. Present Perfect Continuous (4 dialogues) – Pagina 53 6. / We have been to the new shopping mall. Present simple 2. With a regular verb the past participle ends with -ED (just like the simple past). Present Perfect questions are a good way to have interesting conversations in the ESL classroom about a wide variety of topics. 4. Coniugazione verbo 'to have' - coniugazione verbi inglesi in tutti i modi e tempi verbali - bab.la endobj 5Uvm�4�Y2iS�ե�M Q:t��* _���mA%*�rP�Q�O���=� ���:�����!C'�n��B7��jO0���� Present continuous worksheets and online activities. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments.contact me … we were in school. Per esempio: Lions live in Africa. Pages 34. schede_causative_verbs.pdf - CAUSATIVE FORM We use the... School Lampung University; Course Title MATH MISC; Uploaded By ziyadazzufari. Have you ever been to the movies? <> goes: is going: 6: Don't talk me about Jane. Una delle richieste per un video che ricevo di più è questo... ora capirete tutto! 4: They _____ a job at the moment. 2 Have you bought / been buying a new mobile yet? Present continuous 3. Il present simpl e è utilizzato nelle seguenti situazioni: . In / at / on 13. Check my answers: Email my answers to my teacher . Test your knowledge about the Present Perfect. 5 Present perfect simple o continuous? Eva, Thomas, and Robert … Hong movie many times. Form of Present Perfect Progressive The present perfect of any verb is composed of two elements : the appropriate form of the auxiliary verb to have (present tense), plus the past participle of the main verb. endstream Il Present Simple. The indicative passato prossimo—called the present perfect in English—is one of the most widely used tenses in the Italian language.It expresses actions that, whether in the very immediate past or a past slightly more removed, happened before the moment of narration and have a defined chronological arc, now concluded. Below we have created five sets of flashcards as well as simple irregular verb drills to help English learners learn the 100 most common irregular verbs in English. 58.1 : 58.1 Answer the questions using the present perfect simple tense: Download . It is very easy to confuse them. YourEnglishSource.com Present Perfect Tense I have seen the new Harry Potter movie. Hi everybody! I never get up from the table before others ---- (finish). I have been working all morning. Irregular verbs have a special past participle form that you have to learn. Linda lives in London. (to steal) 2. Esercizi sulle differenze e l'uso del present simple e continuous nella grammatica inglese. Give each team of three a copy of the worksheet. / He has finished his homework. x��� ����� 58.3 Using the following adverbs complete the sentences in the present perfect simple tense. We are going to have dinner at a seaside restaurant on Sunday. <> to the bus stop. For example, I always drink two glasses of milk in the morning and I usually arrive at school at twenty five past eight. m�p�t ��SIĉ:ӦV�.��f_}�L��̎=�� e{7�xuD���Ҙ2�Y���P�� 9��/ܙ�)�̆�v�\^���H���{��[ �����~���nR&,E��q5��84U�T����.�(ץ�?�m�Y������`ˆ��x�!��E=��V�a_YN����� 忰��ϓ�# ���d[z J�l$���M�� ��ֺ�5å�^�u]7DUD��S�pQA�85�)z;�ޜ2��M"�M�hj�gz�7�9\BX��7˽H���G �o)�Qg�Mg[�����X��%�A`�S��r�*fT�. endobj years. 58.3 : 58.3 Using the following adverbs complete the sentences in the present perfect simple tense. Lindsay _____ not been to France. make sure to pick the appropriate adverbs for each sentence: precisely/lately/just/yet/ recently/already: Download . Have you ever thrown up inside of a vehicle? Present simple and Present continuous Appunto con esempi e spiegazioni sull'uso dei due presenti inglesi: il simple present e il present continuous. Future tenses Exercise Answers. %���� The present perfect is formed from the present tense of the verb have and the past participle of a verb. 58.2 : 58.2 Complete each answer using the present perfect simple in the negative form: Download . How long have you watched /been watching TV? Why do we use “Present Perfect” [FUNCTION] ‐We use the present perfect to talk about an experience in the past present perfect or simple past(1) present perfect or simple past(2) at A4ESL. Have you ever played beach soccer or volleyball? The present perfect continuous can be used to talk about situations that have just stopped and have present results. I had/got my hair cut yesterday (by the hairdresser). 1. /����a����e�����߫qȿ����4��HP�J�"# e�+q��Ơ���|�t��b�'��ر��v����C�I���N8 Apr 20, 2018 - A worksheet to revise the use of these two tenses: past simple and present perfect. DO you know Sarah? Exercise 1. I’ve driven / been driving all day. Remember that there are two type of questions that you can make: In both cases you can learners to elaborate when giving their reponses, These are some questions about places that have probably visited, These are some present perfect questions about being in school, university or studying, These are some present perfect questions about Entertainment, These are some present perfect questions about sports, These are some questions which are not good for all audiences, These are some present perfect questions and answers, These are some related posts that you might find interesting, I am José Manuel and I am an English Teacher in Costa Rica who loves English. The major difference between them is that the Present Perfect Tense doesn't mention exact times of actions. Traduzione in contesto di have, con esempi d'uso reale. Present Perfect vs Past Perfect. How to form the Present Perfect <> endobj It’s a great movie. Present Simple Q&A bluff below is a variation on this game. INGLESE - verbi PRESENT PERFECT. endobj It puts emphasis on the duration or course of the action. B P re se n t p e rfe c t sim p le (2 ) a lre a d y , ju st, still, y e t 2 W e use just in affirmativ e sentences to sa y that something has happened very recently . Simple present with 'have' and 'be' 6 0 obj Present Perfect Continuous. Past perfect simple 8. It's raining. 7 0 obj Past Perfect Continuous (4 dialogues) – Pagina 59 9. �ك ��FPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUa ��_AUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU�=8 �mUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU���� @����0 \��