Following the devastating fire of 64 CE which had destroyed large areas of the Aventine and Palatine hills, Nero decided to take the opportunity to build a huge new palace. Le fiamme, a quanto pare, raggiunsero anche la dimora dell'imperatore, così da costringerlo alla costruzione di una nuova casa: la Domus Aurea ("casa d'oro"). [25] Pliny the Elder watched it being built and mentions it in his Naturalis Historia.[26]. For the South Korean TV series, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Because of their underground origin, these works were referred to as, "Emperor Nero's Golden Palace had a room with a rotating ceiling that dropped perfume and rose petals down on its inhabitants - Page 2 of 2", "Rome's Domus Aurea Needs Four-Year Restoration", "Domus Aurea In Its Full Glory Shown Via Superb 3D Animations", "Stanford Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project", "The Domus Aurea: Nero's pleasure palace in Rome", "Golden House of an Emperor - Archaeology Magazine", "Domus Aurea: A mad emperor's dream in 3D", "Domus Aurea - A Stunning Tour of Emperor Nero's Underground Golden House in Rome - La Gazzetta Italiana", http://web.mit.edu/course/21/21h.405/www/DomusAurea/oct.html, "The buried pleasure palace loved by Michelangelo and Raphael | Art | Agenda", Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, "Archaeologists Discovered a Hidden Chamber in Roman Emperor Nero's Underground Palace", "Secret 'Room of the Sphinx' discovered 2,000 years later in Nero's Golden Palace", "Domus Aurea Rome: Visit Rome's Secret Hidden Palace", "The Mysterious Hidden Ruins Near the Colosseum | Rome Blog", "Nero's buried golden palace to open to the public - in hard hats", "19th Century Grand Tour Italian Bronze of the 'Callypygian Venus' - LAPADA", "The Domus Aurea in Rome: 5 Reasons to Visit Nero's Palace", "Nero's first palace opens to the public in Rome", "The Underground World of the Domus Aurea", "Rome's Domus Aurea Reopens after Six-Year Restoration", Marta Falconi (AP): Nero's Rotating Hall Unveiled in Rome by Marta Falconi, September 29, 2009, USA Today, "Sphinx Room at Nero's Domus Aurea re-emerges after 2,000 yrs - English", "Archaeologists discover 2,000-year-old hidden room in Emperor Nero's Golden Palace", "Enchanting Hidden 'Sphinx' Chamber Discovered At Nero's Golden Palace", Boncompagni Ludovisi Decorative Art Museum, Museo Storico Nazionale dell'Arte Sanitaria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Domus_Aurea&oldid=987229464, Demolished buildings and structures in Italy, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 18:53. Domus Aurea - Nero's House, Rome, Italy - visitor information. Construction began after the great fire of 64 and was nearly completed before Nero's death in 68, a remarkably short time for such an enormous project. The best preserved part of the complex is the west wing which hints at the sumptuous nature of this one-time pleasure palace. Domus aurea, la sala segreta della Sfinge di Nerone: straordinaria scoperta, le prime foto Cartwright, M. (2014, March 01). Domus Aurea’s extensive decorative gold leaf dazzled in the sun. Nero took great interest in every detail of the project, according to Tacitus,[2] and oversaw the engineer-architects, Celer and Severus, who were also responsible for the attempted navigable canal with which Nero hoped to link Misenum with Lake Avernus.[3][4]. La storia: l'incendio di Roma; La storia: la costruzione della Domus; La storia: la damnatio memoriae; Le meraviglie della Domus; Il destino della Domus dopo Nerone; Il padiglione del colle Oppio; La Sala Ottagonale; Le decorazioni; Le opere d'arte; Bibliografia Venne costruita in poco più di quattro anni, a testimonianza del potere dell’imperatore e della sua gloria e venne decorata dal celebre pittore Fabullus. Web. [12] This nymphaeum was created against the eastern retaining wall of the podium built to support the Temple of Claudius, which Nero demolished. Books [47][39], The likely remains of Nero's rotating banquet hall and its underlying mechanism were unveiled by archaeologists on September 29, 2009. Entra nella Domus Aurea, o Casa Dorata, progettata esclusivamente per il piacere dell'imperatore Nerone, un uomo famoso per i suoi incredibili atti di autoindulgenza. [5][14] Pliny the Elder, however, puts its height at only 30.3 m (106.5 RF). Tra i monumenti più importanti del periodo di Nerone è la Domus aurea, sul Colle Oppio, vasto complesso di edifici, fra i … Within 40 years, the palace was completely obliterated. L’imperatore decise di costruire questa vasta struttura dopo il grande incendio di Roma nel 64 d.C., che distrusse la sua casa sul Palatino. Fase storica della costruzione. "Nero's Golden House (Domus Aurea)." The architects designed two of the principal dining rooms to flank an octagonal court, surmounted by a dome with a giant central oculus to let in light. For the construction of the palace Nero turned to the architect Severus and the engineer Celer, already celebrated as masters of grand architecture, whilst for the interior decoration and wall-painting he turned to Famulus whose work would be studied centuries later by Renaissance artists. Ancient History Encyclopedia. In Medieval times the site became overgrown and was used to grow vegetables and vines, a tranquil contrast for what was once the site of Imperial Rome's most raucous and debauched partying. Only fragments have survived,[24] but that technique was to be copied extensively, eventually ending up as a fundamental feature of Christian art: the apse mosaics that decorate so many churches in Rome, Ravenna, Sicily, and Constantinople. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. "[29], The Domus Aurea was probably never completed. La Domus Aurea dor- piromania perfino in un programma di A casa di me sottoterra, invisibile a droni masterizzazione: Nero Burning ROM. According to some accounts, perhaps embellished by Nero's political enemies, on one occasion such quantities of rose petals were dropped that one unlucky guest was asphyxiated (a similar story is told of the emperor Elagabalus). The upper story is much more difficult to reconstruct due to the lack of surviving evidence. La Domus Aurea (“casa d’oro”, in latino) era una villa costruita dall’imperatore romano Nerone. Altre definizioni per aurea: La Domus fatta costruire da Nerone, Lo è una moneta d'oro, Un attributo... della mediocrità Altre definizioni con nerone: La Domus reggia di Nerone; Imperò dopo Nerone; Assassino... come Nerone. 1 talking about this. To have enough space for the project the emperor - already unpopular due to accusations of a slow response to the fire and even possibly having started it - seized large areas of land owned by aristocrats and even carved into the Oppian hillside in the building's rear. The swiftness of Famulus's execution gives a wonderful unity and astonishing delicacy to his compositions. Al posto di quest’ultima Nerone affidò agli architetti Severus e Celer la costruzione di una nuova, ampia e lussuosa villa: la Domus Aurea. Such devices are mentioned elsewhere in both earlier and later Roman buildings and excavations have revealed evidence that water may have powered this wonderful entertainment for Nero's guests. The west wing, for example, had one rectangular courtyard surrounded by no fewer than 50 banquet rooms. Un vero e proprio viaggio nella storia.Questa è l’esperienza che promette, e che regala, la Società Cooperativa Culture all’interno della Domus Aurea. [15] The statue was placed just outside the main palace entrance at the terminus of the Via Appia[5] in a large atrium of porticoes that divided the city from the private villa. Some of the extravagances of the Domus Aurea had repercussions for the future. La Domus Aurea, la “Casa d’oro” di Nerone, fu così denominata per l’eccezionale ricchezza delle decorazioni in oro, avorio, pietre preziose, oggi tutte scomparse. Roman Emperor Neroby cjh1452000 (CC BY-SA). Grandiosa e fragilissima, la Domus Aurea chiusa nel 2006 per il pericolo di crolli e cedimenti strutturali, è stata riaperta al pubblico con un percorso di visite guidate articolate in quindici tappe che illustrano i progressi del cantiere e includono anche l’ala occidentale del padiglione, svelando ambienti non accessibili fino ad oggi. [9], The Golden House was designed as a place of entertainment, as shown by the presence of 300 rooms without any sleeping quarters. Cartwright, Mark. domus aurea giovedì 15 agosto 2013 Non so quanti di voi lo sanno, ma il nome di Nerone era Lucio Domizio Enobarbo, ossia dalla barba di bronzo/ rossa (I maschi degli Enobarbi, con molta fantasia, o si chiamavano Lucio o Gneo e dato che il padre di Nerone si chiamava Gneo, ecco che a Nerone … This dome and, in general, the use of concrete for vaulting in the building were innovations which would become common features of later Roman architecture. There were two floors which boasted at least 140 rooms with ceilings up to 11 metres high. [50] Domus Aurea: la residenza dorata di Nerone Colle Oppio, Colosso di Nerone, Domus Aurea, Nerone Nata sulle ceneri della “Domus Transitoria” dopo il devastante incendio del 64 d.C., la Domus Aurea doveva rappresentare tutta la magnificenza e l’importanza dell’imperatore Nerone. Its walls were decked with gold and precious stones, giving it the name the Domus Aurea or Golden House. October 2014. [14], The extensive gold leaf that gave the villa its name was not the only extravagant element of its decor: stuccoed ceilings were faced with semi-precious stones and ivory veneers, while the walls were frescoed, coordinating the decoration into different themes in each major group of rooms. Paradoxically, this ensured the wall paintings' survival by protecting them from moisture.[35][22][36]. [14] Although the Oppian villa continued to be inhabited for some years, soon after Nero’s death other parts of the palace and grounds, encompassing 2.6 km² (c. 1 mi²), were filled with earth and built over: the Baths of Titus were already being built on part of the site, probably the private baths, in 79 AD. [22], Today, one of the best-preserved parts of the Domus Aurea is the block of 50 communal toilets which would have been used by slaves and workers in Nero's time. Rooms sheathed in dazzling polished white marble had richly varied floor plans, complete with niches and exedras that concentrated or dispersed the daylight. Suetonius also offers a famous description of one of the domed ceilings or perhaps even the room itself: '[there was a] circular banquet hall, which revolved incessantly, day and night, like the heavens'. Immediately after the fire of 64 AD, which destroyed most of the centre of Rome, Nero built a new imperial residence: Domus Aurea. Following Nero's death, and with his successors wishing to distance themselves from this unpopular emperor, the building was abandoned and stripped of much of its precious marble for reuse elsewhere. When the whole magnificent project was finally finished Nero declared with satisfaction: 'Now I can begin to live like a human being'. No kitchens or latrines have been discovered. Its size can only be approximated, as much of it has not been excavated. [39] Beside the graffiti signatures of later tourists, like Casanova and the Marquis de Sade scratched into a fresco inches apart (British Archaeology June 1999),[27] are the autographs of Domenico Ghirlandaio, Martin van Heemskerck, and Filippino Lippi. Nearby was the 'room of Achilles on Skyros' with marble and painted stucco walls. Nel 64 d.C. un vastissimo incendio, che si sviluppò nella zona del Circo Massimo e raggiunse la vetta dell’Esquilino, distrusse la maggior parte del centro di Roma. It replaced and extended his Domus Transitoria that he had built as his first palace complex on the site. [17] This idea is widely accepted among scholars,[18] but some are convinced that Nero was not identified with Sol while he was alive. [46] The complex was partially reopened on February 6, 2007, but closed on March 25, 2008 because of safety concerns. [9][10], To supply his lake in the valley between the Palatine, Oppian, and Caelian, Nero diverted water from the Aqua Claudia by a specially built branch aqueduct known as the Arcus Neroniani. Besides using the finest marble and decoration such as fine wall-painting and gilded colonnades, the building was also a technical marvel with soaring domes, revolving ceilings, ornamental fountains and even waterfalls running down the walls. [6][20] Unfortunately, many of these trees cannot be uprooted without damaging the Domus. Cite This Work License. Domus Aureaby Wikipedia user: Pufacz (CC BY-SA). A small part of the upper story of the octagonal court survives which has a light-well to provide light to the floor below, two small courtyards with fountains, and a colonnade running along one side of a large ornamental pool. [1] The Baths of Trajan,[1][34] and the Temple of Venus and Rome were also built on the site. The main gateway also included a massive 30 metre high gilt-bronze statue of Nero as the sun god and the palace was surrounded by vast landscape gardens covering 125 acres which were further expanded by parklands and a lake. [14] The main palace building was on the Esquiline Hill. All of these wonderful features and their accompanying array of sun-courts, sitting rooms, access corridors and service rooms were probably repeated, or at least matched, in the East wing, the two being joined by a huge colonnade, possibly with two levels. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Suetonius claims this of Nero and the Domus Aurea: When the edifice was finished in this style and he dedicated it, he deigned to say nothing more in the way of approval than that he had at last begun to live like a human being. La Domus Aurea, la "Casa Dorata", fu costruita dall'imperatore Nerone dopo il grande incendio che devastò Roma nel 64. L'imperatore Nerone, prima di far erigere la Domus Aurea, aveva già fatto costruire la Domus Transitoria, per collegare le tenute imperiali del Palatino con gli Horti Maecenatis sull'Esquilino, che però bruciò interamente nel grande incendio del 68.Ne sono stati rinvenuti dei resti sotto la Domus … For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Almost eight years later and the Domus Aurea is finally open to visitors again, albeit it in a restricted and limited fashion. Most of the structure has disappeared under the foundations of later buildings such as the Baths of Trajan or lies buried. Following the devastating fire of 64 CE which had destroyed large areas of the Aventine and Palatine hills, Nero decided to take the opportunity to build a huge new palace. [13], Nero also commissioned from the Greek Zenodorus a colossal 35.5 m (120 RF) high bronze statue of him, the Colossus Neronis. Yet another large hall had a 13 metre high vaulted ceiling made out to look like a cave by covering it with pumice stone. Indice. [39] Heavy rain was blamed in the collapse of a chunk of ceiling. To have enough space for the project the emperor - already unpopular due to accusations of a slow response to the fire and even possibly having started it - seized large areas of land owned by aristocrats and even carved into the Oppian hillside in the building's rear. "More recently, lived Amulius, a grave and serious personage, but a painter in the florid style. One innovation was destined to have an enormous influence on the art of the future: Nero placed mosaics, previously restricted to floors, in the vaulted ceilings. Nerone iniziò la costruzione della Domus Aurea dopo il grande incendio del 64 d.C., espropriando le vastissime aree che erano state danneggiate dalle fiamme e realizzando un progetto vasto circa 80 ettari. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. On entering Domus Aurea for the first time, Roman writer Svetonio documents Nero as saying: Great! [36], During renovation works on the Palatine Hill at the end of 2018, experts stumbled upon a barrel-vaulted room richly decorated with panthers, centaurs, the god Pan, and a sphinx, believed to have been built between 65 and 68 AD. By this artist there was a Minerva, which had the appearance of always looking at the spectators, from whatever point it was viewed. – Svetonio, Nerone, 31.2. Secondo Svetonio, Nerone avrebbe assistito all'incendio di Roma proprio da una torre nei giardini di Mecenate. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 01 Mar 2014. [1] It was an early use of Roman concrete construction. Finally, I can start to live like a human being! The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. He only painted a few hours each day, and then with the greatest gravity, for he always kept the toga on, even when in the midst of his implements. Ed è una meraviglia. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. For the construction of the palace Nero turned to the architect Severus and the en… Pliny the Elder presents Amulius [28] as one of the principal painters of the domus aurea: Discovering art through the decay time Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. [32], It was a severe embarrassment to Nero's successors as a symbol of decadence and it was stripped of its marble, jewels, and ivory within a decade. [8] Suetonius describes the complex as "ruinously prodigal" as it included groves of trees, pastures with flocks, vineyards, and an artificial lake—rus in urbe, "countryside in the city". Foto: Bridgeman / Aci La Domus Aurea fu progettata come un rus in urbe, ovvero una “villa in città”, con parchi e padiglioni propri delle campagne e della periferia di Roma, ma costruita all’interno della capitale stessa. Submitted by Mark Cartwright, published on 01 March 2014 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. The subterranean effect was further enhanced with the addition of fountains which ran down the walls, the water collecting in large pools in the surrounding rooms. The principal entrance was along the via Sacra coming from the Forum. Come implementazione rispetto ai precedenti anni, è stato realizzato un progetto site specific di realtà immersiva e video racconto. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. La Domus Aurea è la “casa d’oro” dello stravagante e un po’ paranoico Imperatore Nerone (37-68 d.C.) inserita nella lista dei Patrimoni dell’umanità dall’UNESCO nel 1980 e tra le cose da vedere assolutamente quando si visita Roma! Pliny, in his Natural History, recounts how Famulus went for only a few hours each day to the Golden House, to work while the light was best. Una visita ad un cantiere in continuo restauro, dopo che i resti di questa enorme villa antica appartenuta a Nerone sono stati … [43] The presence of trees in the park above the Domus Aurea is likely causing further damage, as tree roots are slowly sinking into the walls, damaging the ceiling and frescoes; chemical compounds released from these roots are provoking additional deterioration.